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Linux下jsp开发环境,apache,tomcat服务器配置过程

2010-06-23 16:16 2603 0 发表评论

Linux下jsp开发环境,apache,tomcat服务器配置过程:
(特别注明:本文内容均参考于互联网,经过个人实践而总结,若配 置中遇到问题请联系我,可能写的时候漏掉了某些地方,感谢网上前辈的经验,希望更多的实践经验得以共享)
1.操作系统
RedHat Linux 9.0

2.所需软件
Apache 2.0.54
下载地址
http://apache.freelamp.com/httpd
下载该文件httpd- 2.0.54.tar.gz

Tomcat5.5.9
下载地址
http://archive.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-5/archive/v5.5.9/bin/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9.zip
下载该文件jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9.tar.gz

Mod_jk 1.2.14
下载地址
http://down1.chinaunix.net/distfiles/jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.13-src.tar.gz
下载该文件jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.14- src.tar.gz

Jdk 1_5_0_04
下载地址
http://www.javaresearch.org/members/jross/jdk/jdk-1_5_0-linux-i586-rpm.bin
下 载该文件jdk-1_5_0_04-linux-i586-rpm.bin

下载时将所需软件包文件保存在/usr/local目录下

vi /etc/profile
export   JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.5.0
export   PATH=$PATH:/usr/java/jdk1.5.0/bin:
export   CLASSPATH=.:/usr/java/jdk1.5.0/jre/lib:/usr/java/jdk1.5.0/jre/lib/rt.jar:/usr/java/jdk1.5.0/lib/dt.jar:/usr/java/jdk1.5.0/l
ib/tools.jar

3. 安装步骤

A 安装JDK
# cd /usr/local/
# chmod +x jdk-1_5_0_04-linux-i586-rpm.bin
# ./jdk-1.5.0_04-linux-i586-rpm.bin

# cd /usr/java/
# ln -s /usr/java/jdk-1_5_0_04 /usr/local/java
# vi /etc/profile
#
添加如下内容
export   JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.5.0
export   PATH=$PATH:/usr/java/jdk1.5.0/bin:
export   CLASSPATH=.:/usr/java/jdk1.5.0/jre/lib:/usr/java/jdk1.5.0/jre/lib/rt.jar:/usr/java/jdk1.5.0/lib/dt.jar:/usr/java/jdk1.5.0/l
ib/tools.jar

B 安装Apache
# cd /usr/local/
# tar xvfz httpd-2.0.54.tar.gz
# cd httpd-2.0.54
# ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/apache –enable-module=so
# make

# make install

# cd /usr/local/apache/conf
# vi ./httpd.conf

将Listen 80 修改为Listen 127.0.0.1:80   (219行)
将ServerName 修改为ServerName LocalHost:80 (291行)
在 DirectoryIndex中添加 index.jsp (394行)

# cd /usr/local/apache/bin/
# ./apachectl configtest
显示Syntax ok则表明安装成功
#./apachectl start
启动apache服务,浏览器中访问本机80端口,查看端口是否正常,输入127.0.0.1:80
# ./apachectl stop
关闭服务

备注:prefix定义apache的安装路径

C安 装Tomcat

# cd /usr/local/
# tar xvfz jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9.tar.gz
# ln ?s /usr/local/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9 /usr/local/tomcat

# vi /usr/local/tomcat/bin/catalina.sh
第46行加入此句
JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk-1_5_0_04

启 动服务后,访问本机8080端口,查看端口是否正常(输入127.0.0.1:8080)
# /usr/local/tomcat/bin/startup.sh /startup.bat
关闭服务
# /usr/local/tomcat/bin/shutdown.sh /shutdown.bat

D 安装JK

# cd /usr/local/
# tar xzvf jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.14-src.tar.gz
# cd jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.14-src/jk/native
# chmod 755 buildconf.sh
# ./buildconf.sh
# ./configure –with-apxs=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs
# make
# make install
# cd /usr/local/jakarta-tomcat-connectors-jk1.2.14-src/jk/native/apache-2.0/
# cp mod_jk.so /usr/local/apache/modules/

E 系统整合

# vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf
在文件最末尾加上如下语句

#Load mod_jk
LoadModule jk_module modules/mod_jk.so
# Configure mod_jk
JkWorkersFile conf/workers.properties
JkLogFile logs/mod_jk.log
JkLogLevel info
JkMount /*.jsp loadbalancer
JkMount /servlet/* loadbalancer
JkMount /application/* loadbalancer

#vi /usr/local/apache/conf/workers.properties
添加下列语句
#
# workers.properties
#
# In Unix, we use forward slashes:
ps=/
# list the workers by name
worker.list=tomcat1, tomcat2, loadbalancer
# ————————
# First tomcat server
# ————————
worker.tomcat1.port=8009
worker.tomcat1.host=127.0.0.1
worker.tomcat1.type=ajp13
# Specify the size of the open connection cache.
#worker.tomcat1.cachesize
#
# Specifies the load balance factor when used with
# a load balancing worker.
# Note:
# —-> lbfactor must be > 0
# —-> Low lbfactor means less work done by the worker.
worker.tomcat1.lbfactor=100
# ————————
# Second tomcat server
# ————————
worker.tomcat2.port=8009
worker.tomcat2.host=192.168.1.34
worker.tomcat2.type=ajp13
# Specify the size of the open connection cache.
#worker.tomcat2.cachesize
#
# Specifies the load balance factor when used with
# a load balancing worker.
# Note:
# —-> lbfactor must be > 0
# —-> Low lbfactor means less work done by the worker.
worker.tomcat2.lbfactor=100
# ————————
# Load Balancer worker
# ————————
# The loadbalancer (type lb) worker performs weighted round-robin
# load balancing with sticky sessions.
# Note:
# —-> If a worker dies, the load balancer will check its state
# once in a while. Until then all work is redirected to peer
# worker.
worker.loadbalancer.type=lb
worker.loadbalancer.balanced_workers=tomcat1, tomcat2
#
# END workers.properties
#

#vi /usr/local/tomcat/conf/server.xml
<Connector port=”8009″
protocolHandlerClassName=”org.apache.jk.server.JkCoyoteHandler”
redirectPort=”8443″ protocol=”AJP/1.3″ />    第101行

在119行左右加入如下语句(去注释)
<Engine name=”Standalone” defaultHost=”localhost” jvmRoute=”tomcat1″></Engine>
若第二台tomcat,将jvmRoute的修改为tomcat2

系 统整合完毕

启动apache和tomcat服务
# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start
# /usr/local/tomcat/bin/catalina.sh start

将如下内容添加至/etc /rc.d/rc.local文件末尾
以便系统启动后开启apache,tomcat服务

#vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local
添加
/usr/local/tomcat/bin/catalina.sh start
/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start

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文章作者:思悟
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