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Linux 挂载新磁盘ext3格式

2015-11-19 17:28 2447 0 发表评论
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出于数据保护机制,一块用来存放用户数据(即网站数据等),一块用来存放系统,这样在您的系统出现问题之后后台选择重装系统,所以在购买VPS之后,要手动将另外一块硬盘挂载到用户数据的目录。

下面教程开始:
[root@MyVPS ~]# fdisk -l (查看磁盘分区)

Disk /dev/xvdb: 7516 MB, 7516192768 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 913 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk /dev/xvdb doesn’t contain a valid partition table
Disk /dev/xvda: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1305 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/xvda1 * 1 13 104391 83 Linux
/dev/xvda2 14 1044 8281507+ 8e Linux LVM
/dev/xvda3 1045 1305 2096482+ 8e Linux LVM
[root@MyVPS ~]# df -hal //*查看已划分区空间使用情况*//

Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
9.3G 1.2G 7.7G 13% /
proc 0 0 0 – /proc
sysfs 0 0 0 – /sys
devpts 0 0 0 – /dev/pts
/dev/xvda1 99M 29M 66M 31% /boot
tmpfs 151M 0 151M 0% /dev/shm
none 0 0 0 – /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
sunrpc 0 0 0 – /var/lib/nfs/rpc_pipefs
[root@MyVPS ~]# fdisk /dev/xvdb //*对硬盘/dev/xvdb进行增加分区操作*//

Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF disklabel
Building a new DOS disklabel. Changes will remain in memory only,
until you decide to write them. After that, of course, the previous
content won’t be recoverable.
Warning: invalid flag 0x0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by w(rite)

Command (m for help): n //*输入n新建分区*//

Command action
e extended
p primary partition (1-4)
p //*输入p主分区*//

Partition number (1-4): 1 //*输入1第一个分区*//

First cylinder (1-913, default 1): //*回车跳过*//

Using default value 1
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-913, default 913): //*回车跳过*//

Using default value 913
Command (m for help): w //*输入W保存退出*//

The partition table has been altered!
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.
[root@MyVPS ~]# mkfs -t ext3 /dev/xvdb1 //*将新分区xvdb1(此名称因系统而异)格式化为ext3格式*//

mke2fs 1.39 (29-May-2006)
Filesystem label=
OS type: Linux
Block size=4096 (log=2)
Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
917504 inodes, 1833410 blocks
91670 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
First data block=0
Maximum filesystem blocks=1879048192
56 block groups
32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
16384 inodes per group
Superblock backups stored on blocks:
32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632
Writing inode tables: done
Creating journal (32768 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done

This filesystem will be automatically checked every 21 mounts or
180 days, whichever comes first. Use tune2fs -c or -i to override.
[root@MyVPS ~]# mount /dev/xvdb1 /home //*将新分区xvdb1挂载到目录/home*//
[root@MyVPS ~]# df -hal

Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
9.3G 1.2G 7.7G 13% /
proc 0 0 0 – /proc
sysfs 0 0 0 – /sys
devpts 0 0 0 – /dev/pts
/dev/xvda1 99M 29M 66M 31% /boot
tmpfs 151M 0 151M 0% /dev/shm
none 0 0 0 – /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
sunrpc 0 0 0 – /var/lib/nfs/rpc_pipefs
/dev/xvdb1 6.9G 144M 6.4G 3% /home
[root@MyVPS ~]# echo “/dev/xvdb1 /home ext3 defaults 1 2” >> /etc/fstab //添加开机自动挂载//

注意事项:
1.请勿在有数据存于/home目录的情况下进行此操作,请注意备份数据。
2.理论上可以实现重装系统第二块磁盘的数据不丢失,但是我们依然强烈建议您备份好自己的数据!

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文章作者:思悟
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